My research focuses on transformations in leadership and social structure in ancient farming societies.
These changes provided the foundation for many social, political, and economic innovations during subsequent eras. My work draws upon multiple lines of evidence to understand the historical context of ancient social actions. I am especially interested in how individuals and groups exploited specific events, such as migration and climate change, to transform social structures. I have explored how ancient Pueblo leaders transformed ritual practices, household organization, and village economies to bolster their social position and change the organization of early villages. I have also examined the origins of composite social identities that unified migrant and native populations following migration events. Finally, I have assessed changes in local settlement systems and their relationship to regional demographic and social transformations. This research draws upon my field experiences in a wide variety of regions in the American Southwest, including the Cibola, Mesa Verde, Hohokam, and Mimbres areas.
North American archaeology; population movement; origins of villages and leadership in agricultural societies; settlement systems and analysis; ceramic analysis; social context of archaeological practice; American Southwest
2015 Ancestral Pueblo Archaeology: The Value of Synthesis. Journal of Archaeological Research 23: 49-113.
Anthony P. Graesch, Tianne DiMare, Gregson Schachner, David M. Schaepe, and John Dallen
2014 Thermally Modified Rock: The Experimental Study of “Fire-Cracked” Byproducts of Hot Rock Cooking. North American Archaeologist 35: 167-200.
T. J. Ferguson, Leigh J. Kuwanwisiwma, Micah Loma’omvaya, Patrick Lyons, Gregson Schachner, and Laurie Webster
2013 Yep Hisat Hoopoq’yaqam Yeesiwa (Hopi Ancestors Were Once Here): Repatriation Research Documenting Hopi Cultural Affiliation with the Ancient Hohokam of Southern Arizona. In Global Ancestors: Understanding the Shared Humanity of our Ancestors, edited by M. Clegg, R. Redfern, J. Bekvalac, and H. Bonney, pp. 104-133. Oxbow Books, Oxford.
Matthew A. Peeples and Gregson Schachner
2012 Refining Correspondence Analysis-based Ceramic Seriation of Regional Data Sets. Journal of Archaeological Science 39: 2818-2827.
2012 Population Circulation and the Transformation of Ancient Zuni Communities. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
Richard Wilshusen, Gregson Schachner, and James Allison (editors)
2012 Crucible of Pueblos: The Early Pueblo Period in the Northern Southwest. Monograph 71. UCLA Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press, Los Angeles.
Gregson Schachner, Deborah L. Huntley, and Andrew Duff
2011 Changes in regional organization and mobility in the Zuni region of the American Southwest during the Pueblo III and IV periods: insights from INAA studies. Journal of Archaeological Science 38:2261-2273.
2011 El Morro Valley as Crossroads, El Morro Valley as Gathering Place: Understanding the Social Landscape of the Eastern Cibola Region through the Archaeological & Historical Record. InContemporary Archaeologies of the Southwest, edited by W. H. Walker and K. Venzor, pp. 197-212. University Press of Colorado, Boulder.
2011 Ritual Places and Landscapes: Connecting Southwest Peoples across Time and Space. InMovement, Connectivity, and Landscape Change in the Ancient Southwest, edited by M.C. Nelson and C. Strawhacker., pp. 423-441. University Press of Colorado, Boulder.
2010 Corporate Group Formation and Differentiation in Early Puebloan Villages of the American Southwest. American Antiquity 75:473-496.
2008 Imagining Communities in the Cibola Past. In The Social Construction of Communities: Agency, Structure, and Identity in the Prehispanic Southwest, edited by M. D. Varien and J. M. Potter, pp. 171-190. Archaeology and Society series, Altamira Press, Lanham, MD.
Andrew I. Duff and Gregson Schachner
2007 Becoming Central: Organizational Transformations in the Emergence of Zuni. InHinterlands and Regional Dynamics in the Ancient Southwest, edited by A. P. Sullivan and J. M. Bayman, pp. 185-200. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
2006 The Decline of Zuni Glaze Ware Production in the Tumultuous Fifteenth Century. In The Social Life of Pots: Glaze Wares and Cultural Transformation in the Late Prehistoric Southwest, edited by J. A. Habicht-Mauche, S. L. Eckert, and D. L. Huntley, pp. 124-141. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
Tiffany C. Clark, Gregson Schachner, Suzanne L. Eckert, Todd L. Howell, and Deborah L. Huntley
2006 Rudd Creek Pueblo: A Late Tularosa Phase Village in East Central Arizona. Kiva 71:397-428.
Gregson Schachner and J. David Kilby
2005 Interaction and Exchange. In The El Malpais Archeological Survey: Phase I, edited by R. P. Powers and J. D. Orcutt, Intermountain Cultural Resource Management Professional Paper, No. 70, pp. 99-128. National Park Service, Santa Fe.
Margaret C. Nelson and Gregson Schachner
2002 Understanding Abandonments in the American Southwest. Journal of Archaeological Research 10:167-206.
2001 Ritual Control and Transformation in Middle-Range Societies: An Example from the American Southwest. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 20:168-194.